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The local government's duties are commonly split between county and municipal governments.  The United Nations assigns the United States an Education Index of 0.97, tying it for 12th in the world..  Even earlier, Christopher Columbus had landed in Puerto Rico on his 1493 voyage, and San Juan was settled by the Spanish a decade later.  Approximately one-third of the adult population is obese and an additional third is overweight. , After the Cold War, the conflict in the Middle East triggered a crisis in 1990, when Iraq invaded and attempted to annex Kuwait, an ally of the United States. Scheb, John M.; Scheb, John M. II (2002).  The Soviet Union's 1957 launch of the first artificial satellite and its 1961 launch of the first crewed spaceflight initiated a "Space Race" in which the United States became the first nation to land a man on the Moon in 1969. Home Menu Search . , The United States had a life expectancy of 78.6 years at birth in 2017, which was the third year of declines in life expectancy following decades of continuous increase. , The United States played a leading role in the Bretton Woods and Yalta conferences, which signed agreements on new international financial institutions and Europe's postwar reorganization. , Americans have traditionally been characterized by a strong work ethic, competitiveness, and individualism, as well as a unifying belief in an "American creed" emphasizing liberty, equality, private property, democracy, rule of law, and a preference for limited government. Name Abk. Excluding the Native Americans who lived there, the Thirteen Colonies had a population of over 2.1 million in 1770, about a third that of Britain.  Three states and four U.S. territories have recognized local or indigenous languages in addition to English, including Hawaii (Hawaiian), Alaska (twenty Native languages),[i] South Dakota (Sioux), American Samoa (Samoan), Puerto Rico (Spanish), Guam (Chamorro), and the Northern Mariana Islands (Carolinian and Chamorro). , In 2009, the private sector was estimated to constitute 86.4% of the economy. In the early 20th century, the automobile companies of Ransom E. Olds and Henry Ford popularized the assembly line.  Of the world's 50 busiest passenger airports, 16 are in the United States, including the busiest, Hartsfield–Jackson Atlanta International Airport.  Obesity rates have more than doubled in the last 30 years and are the highest in the industrialized world. After a surge in female labor participation, especially in the 1970s, by 1985, the majority of women aged 16 and over were employed. We would like to show you a description here but the site won’t allow us.  Natives taught many settlers to cultivate corn, beans, and other foodstuffs. , Eight Olympic Games have taken place in the United States. Census Bureau", "Find Distance and Azimuths Between 2 Sets of Coordinates (Badwater 36-15-01-N, 116-49-33-W and Mount Whitney 36-34-43-N, 118-17-31-W)", "US Tallest Mountain's Surprising Location Explained", "World Map of Köppen–Geiger Climate Classification", "USA has the world's most extreme weather", "Number of Native Species in United States", "Numbers of Insects (Species and Individuals)", "National Park Service Announces Addition of Two New Units", "Giving Reins to the States Over Drilling", Federal Land Ownership: Overview and Data, "Federal Land Ownership: Overview and Data", "Chapter 6: Federal Programs to Promote Resource Use, Extraction, and Development", "Land Use Changes Involving Forestry in the United States: 1952 to 1997, With Projections to 2050", "WHAT IS THE GREENEST COUNTRY IN THE WORLD?  Americans are extremely charitable by global standards: according to a 2006 British study, Americans gave 1.67% of GDP to charity, more than any other nation studied. Country music developed in the 1920s, and rhythm and blues in the 1940s..  Most of these conflicts ended with the cession of Native American territory and their confinement to Indian reservations. [j], The United States has operated under a two-party system for most of its history. Accessibility Help. CBS All Access is streaming every upcoming UEFA Europa League match live! Almost all countries have embassies in Washington, D.C., and many have consulates around the country. Elements from folk idioms such as the blues and what is now known as old-time music were adopted and transformed into popular genres with global audiences. All laws and governmental procedures are subject to judicial review and any law ruled by the courts to be in violation of the Constitution is voided. This further expanded acreage under mechanical cultivation, increasing surpluses for international markets. This technology, along with the establishment of a machine tool industry, enabled the U.S. to have large-scale manufacturing of sewing machines, bicycles, and other items in the late 19th century and became known as the American system of manufacturing.  Americans have long been important in the modern artistic medium of photography, with major photographers including Alfred Stieglitz, Edward Steichen, Edward Weston, and Ansel Adams. 10 months ago AKE Kanal neu. Make a suggestion Für Deutschland beträgt dieser Wert 229, für Österreich 96 und für die Schweiz 171 Einwohner/km 2. Mark Twain and poet Walt Whitman were major figures in the century's second half; Emily Dickinson, virtually unknown during her lifetime, is now recognized as an essential American poet. , The American Dream, or the perception that Americans enjoy high social mobility, plays a key role in attracting immigrants. Datasets in use. By contrast, religion plays the least important role in New England and in the Western United States.  Mainstream American culture is a Western culture largely derived from the traditions of European immigrants with influences from many other sources, such as traditions brought by slaves from Africa.  The Second Great Awakening, especially in the period 1800–1840, converted millions to evangelical Protestantism. Die USA sind, gesamt betrachtet, immer noch ein recht dünn besiedeltes Land.  The United States is the third most populous nation in the world, after China and India. Millions moved from farms and inner cities to large suburban housing developments.  Directors such as John Ford redefined the image of the American Old West, and, like others such as John Huston, broadened the possibilities of cinema with location shooting.  Among current living immigrants to the U.S., the top five countries of birth are Mexico, China, India, the Philippines and El Salvador. population. The ARPANET was developed in the 1960s to meet Defense Department requirements, and became the first of a series of networks which evolved into the Internet.  The United States has historically been the world's largest producer of greenhouse gases, and greenhouse gas emissions per capita remain high.  The three largest airlines in the world by passengers carried are U.S.-based; American Airlines is number one after its 2013 acquisition by US Airways. The U.S. ranks high in international measures of economic freedom, quality of life, and quality of higher education.  National infrastructure, including telegraph and transcontinental railroads, spurred economic growth and greater settlement and development of the American Old West. The singular form became popular after the end of the Civil War and is now standard usage in the U.S. A citizen of the United States is an "American".  The growing Civil Rights Movement used nonviolence to confront segregation and discrimination, with Martin Luther King Jr. becoming a prominent leader and figurehead.  As for public expenditures on higher education, the U.S. trails some other OECD (Organization for Cooperation and Development) nations but spends more per student than the OECD average, and more than all nations in combined public and private spending. After his election as president in 1932, Franklin D. Roosevelt responded with the New Deal.  18% of all Americans claim to speak both English and another language.  As of 2018[update], student loan debt exceeded 1.5 trillion dollars. In almost all cases, executive and legislative officials are elected by a plurality vote of citizens by district. Tourismusstatistiken - Mehrere Regionen Spaniens, Frankreichs und Italiens sind Top-Reiseziele in der EU - USA und Türkei für EU-Einwohner beliebteste Reiseziele außerhalb der EU. Find the perfect Peter Kutscher stock photos and editorial news pictures from Getty Images. The District of Columbia and the five major U.S. territories do not have senators. 11 months ago EG Gemeinden. Estimating the native population of North America at the time of European contact is difficult. Its members have a combined area of 4,233,255.3 km 2 (1,634,469.0 sq mi) and an estimated total population of about 447 million.  74% of full-time American workers get paid sick leave, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, although only 24% of part-time workers get the same benefits. , From 1983 to 2008, U.S. real compounded annual GDP growth was 3.3%, compared to a 2.3% weighted average for the rest of the G7. Writers such as Washington Irving, Nathaniel Hawthorne, Edgar Allan Poe, and Henry David Thoreau established a distinctive American literary voice by the middle of the 19th century.  This was likely the first of three major waves of migration into North America; later waves brought the ancestors of present-day Athabaskans, Aleuts, and Eskimos.. The ensuing war would become the deadliest military conflict in American history, resulting in the deaths of approximately 618,000 soldiers as well as many civilians. The supervolcano underlying Yellowstone National Park in the Rockies is the continent's largest volcanic feature. The military operates about 800 bases and facilities abroad, and maintains deployments greater than 100 active duty personnel in 25 foreign countries.  The top one percent of income-earners accounted for 52 percent of the income gains from 2009 to 2015, where income is defined as market income excluding government transfers. Datasets in use. Two other amendments were also ratified, ensuring citizenship for blacks and, at least in theory, voting rights for them as well. More from Redaktion Diercke Weltatlas. In 2017, the United States had the lowest life expectancy among Japan, Canada, Australia, the United Kingdom, and seven nations in western Europe.  The city-state of Cahokia is the largest, most complex pre-Columbian archaeological site in the modern-day United States.  At 4.7% of GDP, the rate was the second-highest among the top 15 military spenders, after Saudi Arabia. ", "The U.S. Just Officially Left the Paris Agreement.  However, with the increased European colonization of North America, the Native Americans were displaced and often killed.  The continent's first elected legislative assembly, Virginia's House of Burgesses, was founded in 1619. , The civil airline industry is entirely privately owned and has been largely deregulated since 1978, while most major airports are publicly owned. ", "Historical Census Statistics On Population Totals By Race, 1790 to 1990, and By Hispanic Origin, 1970 to 1990, For Large Cities And Other Urban Places In The United States", "Frequently Requested Statistics on Immigrants and Immigration in the United States", "Table 52.  The United States is home to 428 mammal species, 784 bird species, 311 reptile species, and 295 amphibian species, as well as about 91,000 insect species.  In 2017, Forbes found that just three individuals (Jeff Bezos, Warren Buffett and Bill Gates) held more money than the bottom half of the population. They and later immigrants combined these with foods they had known, such as wheat flour, beef, and milk to create a distinctive American cuisine.  The United States thus left its vast Asian colony, the Philippines, isolated and fighting a losing struggle against Japanese invasion and occupation. The later invention of electric light and the telephone would also affect communication and urban life. , Wealth, like income and taxes, is highly concentrated; the richest 10% of the adult population possess 72% of the country's household wealth, while the bottom half possess only 2%.  For elective offices at most levels, state-administered primary elections choose the major party nominees for subsequent general elections. , The United States, with its large size and geographic variety, includes most climate types. Press alt + / to open this menu.  Meanwhile, a counterculture movement grew, which was fueled by opposition to the Vietnam war, the Black Power movement, and the sexual revolution.  Defense spending plays a major role in science and technology investment, with roughly half of U.S. federal research and development funded by the Department of Defense. [h] At 3.8 million square miles (9.8 million square kilometers), it is the world's third- or fourth-largest country by total area. , During the Seven Years' War (1756–63), known in the U.S. as the French and Indian War, British forces captured Canada from the French. The name "Europa" was later used to describe Greece. Vereinigte Staaten von Amerika.  Douglas H. Ubelaker of the Smithsonian Institution estimated that there was a population of 92,916 in the south Atlantic states and a population of 473,616 in the Gulf states, but most academics regard this figure as too low.  From 1999 to 2019, more than 770,000 Americans died from drug overdoses. Europe is a unique continent, which is not surrounded by water from all directions and has an overland border with neighboring Asia. Marital Status of the Population 15 Years Old and Over, by Sex, Race and Hispanic Origin: 1950 to Present", "National Vital Statistics Volume 67, Number 1, January 31, 2018", "U.S. has world's highest rate of children living in single-parent households", "States Where English Is the Official Language", "The Constitution of the State of Hawaii, Article XV, Section 4", "Alaska OKs Bill Making Native Languages Official", "South Dakota recognizes official indigenous language", "Foreign Language Enrollments in K–12 Public Schools", "Enrollments in Languages Other Than English in United States Institutions of Higher Education, Fall 2013", "In U.S., Decline of Christianity Continues at Rapid Pace", "Church Statistics and Religious Affiliations", "American Religious Identification Survey 2001", "Mississippians Go to Church the Most; Vermonters, Least", "New International Report on Health Care: U.S.  The country joined the Paris Agreement in 2016 and has many other environmental commitments.  At an elevation of 20,310 feet (6,190.5 m), Alaska's Denali is the highest peak in the country and in North America. There are 44 countries in Europe today, according to the United Nations.  In 2017, there were 255,009,283 non-two wheel motor vehicles, or about 910 vehicles per 1,000 people. The United States has the world's largest Christian population. Datenquelle United Nations – Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division (2017): World Population Prospects: The 2017 Revision; Eurostat: Online-Datenbank: Population change (08/2018), Population (01/2018); Food and Agriculture Organization, electronic files and web … , American public education is operated by state and local governments and regulated by the United States Department of Education through restrictions on federal grants.  According to a 2018 study by the OECD, the United States has a larger percentage of low-income workers than almost any other developed nation, largely because of a weak collective bargaining system and lack of government support for at-risk workers. Additionally, the Trail of Tears in the 1830s exemplified the Indian removal policy that forcibly resettled Indians. European missionaries and others felt it was important to "civilize" the Native Americans and urged them to adopt European agricultural practices and lifestyles. The launch of a "War on Poverty" expanded entitlements and welfare spending, including the creation of Medicare and Medicaid, two programs that provide health coverage to the elderly and poor, respectively, and the means-tested Food Stamp Program and Aid to Families with Dependent Children.  However, by the turn of the 18th century, African slaves had supplanted European indentured servants as cash crop labor, especially in the American South. It is a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council. It is a founding member of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization of American States (OAS), NATO, and other international organizations. , In 1998, the number of U.S. commercial radio stations had grown to 4,793 AM stations and 5,662 FM stations.  The Union initially simply fought to keep the country united. On his map, the name is shown in large letters on what would now be considered South America, in honor of Amerigo Vespucci.  In 2011, 16.7 million children lived in food-insecure households, about 35% more than 2007 levels, though only 845,000 U.S. children (1.1%) saw reduced food intake or disrupted eating patterns at some point during the year, and most cases were not chronic.
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